What are the 6 basic nutrients?
Carbohydrates are your primary energy source for the body. They’re also fuel for your muscles and brain.
Protein is essential for building and repairing muscles, red blood cells, hair and other tissues. It’s also needed for the manufacture of hormone enzymes and antibody function.
Fats are needed as a cushion for your vital organs. They are also needed to transport and dissolve fat soluble vitamins.
Water helps improve liver functioning and prevents dehydration. Water also acts as an appetite suppressant by making you feel more full. The thermo regulation of your body is completely dependent upon water.
Vitamins perform a variety of functions including their assistance with building body tissues, their action in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, and their role in the prevention of nutritional deficiency diseases as well as the promotion of good health.
Minerals are found in plants and animal foods and play a very significant role in various bodily functions essential to physical movement. A deficiency in any mineral can alter your performance on the golf course. The total amounts of minerals in the body are relatively small, but each is crucial to cell function. The major minerals of interest are Calcium and Iron.
A athlete's nutrition plan should be individualized to meet the needs of training and competition or recreational play. However, since carbohydrates are the primary fuel for performance related activities, they should be the cornerstone of an athlete's diet, regardless of the sport they play.
Below shows you what ratio enhances your golf performance:
• 20-30%of daily calories from protein.
• 20-25% of daily calories from fat.
• 50-60% of daily calories from carbohydrate.
These ranges leave you some room to create the ratio that works best for you. Here are some common ratios. They are listed in the order of carbohydrates, protein, then fat: 50-30-20, 55-25-20, 60-20-20. Each of these combination promotes balance, while favoring carbohydrates to promote better energy.